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हर तरह की स्किन पर असरदार है मुल्तानी मिट्टी का पैक, जानिए स्किन में ग्लो लाने के लिए कैसे करें इस्तेमाल

मुल्तानी मिट्टी का पैक सर्दी में आपकी स्किन को मॉइस्चराइज करेगा।

सर्दी में स्किन की देखभाल ज्यादा करने की जरूरत होती है। इस मौसम में ड्राई से लेकर ऑयली और नॉर्मल स्किन वालों की त्वचा भी ड्राई दिखने लगती है। ऐसे मौसम में कोल्ड क्रीम का इस्तेमाल सिर्फ कुछ वक्त के लिए ही स्किन को हाईड्रेट रखता है, फेस वॉश करते ही स्किन दोबारा से डल और ड्राई दिखने लगती है।
इस मौसम में आप भी स्किन में ग्लों लाना चाहते हैं, साथ ही स्किन की ड्राईनेस को भी दूर करना चाहते हैं तो आप मुल्तानी मिट्टी का इस्तेमाल करें। मुल्तानी मिट्टी ड्राई स्किन से लेकर ऑयली और नॉर्मल स्किन पर भी असरदार है। मुल्कानी मिट्टी स्किन को मॉइश्चराइज करती है, साथ ही स्किन में ग्लों भी लाती है। आइए जानते हैं कि अलग-अलग स्किन के लिए मुल्तानी मिट्टी का इस्तेमाल कैसे करें।

ड्राई स्किन के लिए मुल्तानी मिट्टी का इस्तेमाल: अगर आपकी स्किन ड्राई है तो आप थोड़ी सी मुल्तानी मिट्टी, एलोवेरा जेल और शहद का इस्तेमाल करें। ड्राई स्किन के लिए मुल्तानी मिट्टी का पैक बनाने के लिए, आप दो चम्मच मुल्तानी मिट्टी में एक चम्मच शहद और थोड़ी सी एलोवेरा जेल मिलाएं।
सभी चीज़ों को चम्मच से अच्छे से मिक्स करके पेस्ट तैयार कर लें।

तैयार पेस्ट को गर्दन से लेकर चेहर पर लगाएं। पेस्ट सूख जाएं तो उसे 20 मिनट के बाद वॉश कर लें। मुल्तानी मिट्टी का यह पैक आपकी स्किन को मॉइस्चराइज करेगा। आप इसका इस्तेमाल हफ्ते में दो दिन कर सकती है।

ऑयली स्किन के लिए मुल्तानी मिट्टी का पैक: जिन लोगों की ऑयली स्किन है उनके चेहरे पर मुहांसों का खतरा अधिक होता है, इसलिए उन्हें चेहरे पर ऐसे प्रोडक्ट का इस्तेमाल करना चाहिए जो स्किन पर कूल रहें, साथ ही मुहांसों को कम करें।

ऑयली स्किन के लिए मुल्तानी मिट्टी का पैक: मुल्तानी मिट्टी के साथ गुलाब जल का इस्तेमाल करने से ऑयली स्किन पर निखार आता है, साथ ही मुहांसे भी कंट्रोल रहते हैं। मुलतानी मिट्टी में थोड़ा सा गुलाब जल मिलाएं और तैयार पेस्ट को गर्दन से चेहरे तक लगाएं। पैक को चेहरे पर लगाकर चेहरा रगड़े नहीं और सूखने पर गुनगुने पानी से वॉश कर लें।

नॉर्मल स्किन पर निखार लाने के लिए मुल्तानी मिट्टी का पैक: अगर आप चाहते हैं कि आपका चेहरा हेल्दी और चमकदार दिखे, तो मुल्तानी मिट्टी, हल्दी पाउडर और थोड़ा सा दही को मिलाकर उसका पेस्ट बना लें। इस पेस्ट को अच्छी तरह से मिलाएं। जब पेस्ट चिकना और बिना किसी गांठ का दिखे तो चेहरे और गर्दन पर लगाएं। पेस्ट को चेहरे पर 20 मिनट के लिए छोड़ दें। 20 मिनट के बाद चेहरा पानी से वॉश करें। हफ्ते में एक बार इस पैक को लगाने से आपका चेहरा मॉइस्चराइज रहेगा और ग्लो करेगा।

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Soap Suppliers South Africa | Soap Making Supplies Near Me


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5 great reasons for using natural soaps

Fed up of using the same chemical soaps? Tired of complaining about skin dryness and itchiness? It’s time to get yourself natural soaps – made using organic ingredients. Our range of organic skin products are crafted by blending butter and plant-based oils that are rich in nutrients, antioxidants, and vitamins – ingredients needed by your hair and body. So, each of our product comes replete with nutrient-rich, skin-nourishing organic oils that not only moisturizes the skin from the inside, but is also great for making the skin look radiant and soft. So, here are a few good reasons why you should shift to using natural soaps.

  • Contains glycerin: For those who do not know, glycerin is a natural skin emollient. It is kind to the skin and keeps the skin moisturized. Therefore, soap suppliers in South Africa use it in various skin care products like creams, soaps, and lotions. You’d be surprised to know that glycerin is a by-product created during the soap-making process, but commercial soap makers do not use it for making soaps and instead sell it to the cosmetics industry. This is where natural soaps shine. Unlike commercial alternatives, natural soaps are rich in glycerin, thus helping in alleviating dryness.
  • 100% natural ingredients: Perhaps the best reason to opt for natural or organic soaps is that they use quality ingredients and are devoid of harsh chemicals. As these are made using vegetable oils, essential oils, butter, and other natural ingredients, the organic soaps are suited for all skin types and lock the moisture inside the skin. As for the soaps that you typically find in departmental stores and probably see people buying, they are made using soap stock which is a by-product that forms during the manufacturing process of edible oil from vegetable oil. All the contaminants that aren’t allowed in the edible oil, are held up in the form of soap stock, which is then used in the production of commercial soaps. This is why such soaps dehydrate the skin and lead to different kinds of allergic skin reactions.
  • Therapeutic effects: As organic soaps make use of essential oils, these offer therapeutic benefits that you generally find in aromatherapy. Thus, these soaps too bring about stress relief and even boost your immune system. So, if you have sleep issues or insomnia, try using an all-natural lavender soap, as it relieves stress and promotes good sleep.
  • Suited for all skin types: Begin using natural soaps and you would notice a positive difference within 30 days! Once you start using these, your skin would feel soft and supple. Almost all commercial soaps use synthetic lathering agents, chemicals, and artificial colors, and thus choosing such soaps for your body is a big risk. By ordering natural soaps from reliable soap suppliers in South Africa, you can rest easy knowing that the soap includes great natural ingredients like essential oils, nourishing plant extracts, and is rich in antioxidants, just what our skin actually needs.
  • Are animal friendly: If you’re concerned about wildlife (and you should be), then shifting to natural soaps is a great move. Production of such soaps doesn’t require animal testing and the products rarely include animal fat. Such soaps use palm and coconut oils as base oils and are mixed with essential oils extracted from other sources like fruits, flowers, and plants. Since such soaps are devoid of harmful chemicals and pesticides, they do not need any form of testing and are thus cruelty-free products.

Making the change, now!

Most soaps available in the market all around us aren’t really soaps! Yes, you read that right! Instead, they are chemical detergents made out of petroleum-based products. Such products are processed and crafted for our skin but they end up doing more bad than good. This is why people often complain about persistent skin problems.

Natural soaps or organic soaps are nothing less than a work of art. It’s a pleasure to buy and a joy to use. However, always buy such products from reputed soap suppliers in South Africa. At Elementary Shop, all our ingredients are sourced from genuine partners, and we take great care in making sure that all our products meet the strict quality guidelines that we follow since the beginning. So, what are you waiting for? Connect with us and discover the joy of having a healthy skin, just the way you always wanted. After all, your skin deserves the best care.

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Veet Home Page

WHAT WE BELIEVE

WE ARE ALL DIFFERENT. DIFFERENT BODIES. DIFFERENT BODY HAIR. AND THE WAY WE LOOK AFTER OUR BODIES CAN HELP SHOWCASE OUR NATURAL BEAUTY. VEET PROVIDES A RANGE OF PRODUCTS THAT PROVIDE TOUCHABLY SMOOTH SKIN SO YOU CAN LOOK AND FEEL YOUR BEST. WITH THE CONFIDENCE OF UP TO 28 DAYS OF SMOOTHNESS, VEET WANTS YOU TO SHINE INSIDE AND OUT SO YOU ARE

#READYFORANYTHING

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Home – Yuzu Soap

Yuzu Soap specializes in handcrafted bath/body products featuring modern designs. Our products are created in small batches in the San Francisco Bay Area, using premium ingredients including plant-based oils, rich butters, yuzu and essential oils.

Our CBD products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat or prevent any disease. Non-psychoactive and contains 0% THC.

Yuzu Soap Features

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5 DIY Scalp Scrub Recipes To Improve Hair Health

When it comes to exfoliating routines, a scalp scrub is often not included in the essentials. Exfoliators are used to slough off dead skin cells to let nourishment and nutrients reach the deeper epidermal layers. This applies to your scalp as well. Dirt and oil build-up on the scalp leads to the formation of dandruff and may also trigger hair fall. A clean and healthy scalp is also essential for healthy hair growth. So if you are aiming at good hair growth, apart from oiling, shampooing, and conditioning, include scalp exfoliation in your hair care regime. DIY recipes are the perfect starting point – they can be put together with ingredients readily available in your kitchen!

1. Lemon, Olive Oil and Salt Scalp Scrub

Scalp Scrub Lemon, Olive Oil and SaltScalp Scrub Lemon, Olive Oil and Salt

If you have an oily scalp, lemon works as the best exfoliator. Lemon juice removes the dirt, flakes, and dead cells from your scalp, making it cleaner. Olive oil, rich in Vitamin A and E, nourishes your scalp and hair. Salt crystals are added to this mixture to clean the flakes from the scalp and improve blood circulation.

Ingredients – Equal quantities of lemon juice, olive oil and salt.

Procedure: 

1. Mix the three ingredients in equal quantities in a bowl. Apply the mixture to your scalp and massage in a circular motion.

2. Keep the scrub for 5-10 minutes before rinsing it off with the regular shampoo and conditioner. Use the scalp scrub twice to thrice in a week.

2) Sugar, Coconut oil And Essential Oils Scalp Scrub

Scalp Scrubs Sugar, Coconut oil And Essential OilsScalp Scrubs Sugar, Coconut oil And Essential Oils

When the temperatures outside are falling, you may suffer from a flaky and itchy scalp. In particular, this scalp scrub using coconut oil and other essential oils will be beneficial to treat the flaky scalp. Tea tree oil is antifungal, antibacterial, and is an excellent ingredient for enhancing scalp health. The peppermint oil promotes circulation to the scalp, while the coconut oil is rich in fatty acids and is anti-inflammatory. Sugar is said to have properties that dissolve dead skin cells. So this scrub will treat scalp itchiness and flakiness.

Ingredients- Unrefined coconut oil, Raw sugar, Peppermint oil, Tea tree oil

Procedure: 

1. Mix 2 tablespoons of coconut oil, 4-5 drops of peppermint oil (if available), 2-3 drops of tea tree oil, and add 3-4 teaspoons of sugar to it.

2. Apply this mixture evenly to your scalp with a hairbrush and once it settles, massage it into your scalp.

3. Clip your hair and let it remain for 5-10 minutes before rinsing it off.

3. Cinnamon, Brown Sugar and Coconut Oil Scalp Scrub

Scalp Scrub Cinnamon, Brown sugar Coconut OilScalp Scrub Cinnamon, Brown sugar Coconut Oil

Cinnamon is a common spice used in various Indian delicacies. Apart from adding flavour to food, the condiment has antimicrobial characteristics. It helps stimulate blood circulation and promotes hair growth. Brown sugar acts as an exfoliant for the roots and removes flakes and grease from the scalp. Coconut oil, with its anti-inflammatory properties, soothes the scalp.

Ingredients- Equal portions of coconut oil and cinnamon powder, one tablespoon brown sugar

Procedure:

1. Add the coconut oil to the cinnamon powder and mix it well. Add brown sugar crystals to it.

2. Apply this paste to your scalp and massage gently. Rinse it after letting it sit for 30 to 45 minutes.

3. Follow your normal hair care routine post this. Try to apply the scalp scrub at least once a week to get better results.

4. Aloe vera and Multani Mitti Scalp Scrub

Scalp Scrubs Aloe Vera Multani MittiScalp Scrubs Aloe Vera Multani Mitti

Aloe vera is a popular ingredient used in many skin and hair care products. Rich in vitamins, essential amino acids and minerals, aloe vera hydrates the hair and stimulates hair growth. Aloe vera also helps treat rashes from the skin and scalp. Multani Mitti, on the other hand, is a known exfoliant that controls oil production in the scalp and takes away build-up once dried. Multani mitti is an ideal ingredient for oily and greasy scalp. You can also add rosewater to the scrub to give a calming effect to the scalp.

Ingredients- Aloe vera leaf, 1-2 tablespoon multani mitti, rosewater(optional), one teaspoon refined sugar

Procedure:

1. Take an aloe vera leaf and remove the pulp in a bowl. The quantity of the pulp is your personal choice.

2. Add 2-3 tablespoons of multani mitti and 1-2 teaspoons of refined sugar to it. Mix it well.

3. Add rosewater if readily available. Apply the scrub thoroughly on your wet scalp and massage in circular motions.

4. Let it settle for 20 minutes before you rinse it off with lukewarm water to get a cleaner scalp and a lustrous mane.

5. Honey, Sea Salt and Avocado Scalp Scrub

Scalp Scrubs Honey, Sea Salt and Avocado ScrubScalp Scrubs Honey, Sea Salt and Avocado Scrub

We cannot emphasise enough the benefits of avocado in your diet. Avocados are a rich source of Vitamin B complex, magnesium and potassium. Adding avocados to your hair care routine hydrates your scalp and gives you a glossy mane while preventing breakage. While honey soothes the scalp, minimising flakes and dandruff, sea salt is an excellent exfoliator. You can also add coconut or peppermint oil to this scrub to moisturise your hair.

Ingredients- Half an avocado, one tablespoon sea salt, one tablespoon honey, one tablespoon coconut/peppermint oil (optional)

Procedure:

1. Mash half a ripe avocado in a bowl and add honey and sea salt to it.

2. Add the oils if available to the mixture.

3. Mix this paste uniformly to avoid lumps.

4. Apply this scrub to your scalp and gently massage.

5. Keep the scrub for 20-30 minutes before rinsing it off with lukewarm water.

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Keva Kaipo Industries Pvt. Ltd.

Skin Exfoliating and makes your skin lustrous! Keva Bridal Gold Rose Scrub is manufactured by the pure herbal ingredient of rose extract, gold leaves, and gold dust. This is the skin exfoliating scrub. The rose gold scrub is blended of gold leaves, gold dust, rose extract, rose essential oil, and walnut shell powder, by using these all the ingredients it gives the shiny, glowing, clean, fresh and impurity-free skin. By the use of natural ingredients, it gives the bridal like shine on the face. It removes all the blackheads, whiteheads, dead skin cells, dirt, and impurity from the skin. It acts as skin exfoliation, removes all the oldest dead skin cells from the skin’s outermost layer. It makes the skin very shining and glowing with light i.e. it makes the skin lustrous. The gold leaves or gold dust makes the shiny skin like gold. By the regular use of this

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What Our Customers Say

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I purchased the Zed Black luxury from online, all 4 fragrances are really good but specially I love the french lavender it smells awesome.

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Had been using  Zed Black products since many years. Proud to know that Indore based company is providing international level quality.

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Moisturizers for Acne: What are their Constituents?

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014 May; 7(5): 36–44.

What are their Constituents?

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

corresponding authorCorresponding author.This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract

Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit that affects almost all teenagers. Different treatments offer different modes of action, but aim to target acne pathology. Topical therapies, such as benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, antibiotics with alcohol-based preparations, and salicylic acid, can cause skin irritation resulting in a lack of patient adherence. Some physicians recommend patients use moisturizers as adjunctive treatment of acne, especially when either topical benzoyl peroxide or a retinoid is prescribed. Furthermore, some evidence shows that moisturizers can contribute independently to improve signs and symptoms of acne. Moisturizers contain three main properties, which are occlusive, humectant, and emollient effects. Currently, many moisturizers claim to be suitable for acne treatment. This article aims to provide a review of the active ingredients and properties of those moisturizers. Fifty-two moisturizers for acne were included for analysis. Most of the products (92%) have anti-inflammatory properties apart from occlusive, humectant, and emollient effects. Anti-acne medications, including salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and retinol, were found respectively in 35, 10, and 8 percent of the moisturizer products containing anti-inflammatory properties. More than half of the products contain dimethicone and/or glycerin for its moisturizer property. Aloe vera and witch hazel are botanical anti-inflammatories that were commonly found in this study. Scientific data regarding some ingredients are discussed to provide a guide for physicians in selecting moisturizers for acne patients.

Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit that affects almost all teenagers between the ages of 15 and 17 years.1 Clinical features include oily skin, noninflammatory lesions (open and closed comedones), inflammatory lesions (papules and pustules), and various degrees of scarring. Increased sebum production under androgen control, alteration of the keratinization, follicular colonization by Propionibacterium acnes, and inflammation are four main processes in the pathogenesis of the disease.

Different treatments of acne offer different modes of action, but aim to target the four aspects of acne pathology. Topical therapies, such as benzoyl peroxide (BP), retinoids, antibiotics with alcohol-based preparations, and salicylic acid (SA), can cause skin irritation resulting in a lack of patient adherence. Similarly, oral isotretinoin, which is the most effective medication for acne, usually causes dry skin, cheilitis, and photosensitivity.1 Dryness or skin irritation may cause barrier disruption of the stratum corneum leading to increased transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and production of inflammation.2 Thus, some physicians recommend patients use moisturizers as adjunctive treatment of acne, especially when either topical BP or retinoid is prescribed.3 Furthermore, some evidence shows that moisturizers can contribute independently to improve signs and symptoms of acne.1

Moisturizers contain three main properties, which are the occlusive, humectant, and emollient effects. The occlusive ingredients physically block TEWL by forming a hydrophobic film on the skin surface and within the superficial interstitium between corneocytes.45 Occlusive agents, such as petrolatum, lanolin, mineral oil, paraffin, squalene, and silicone derivatives (dimethicone, cyclomethicone), are usually greasy.4 Silicone derivatives are often used in combination with petrolatum, which make them greasy. However, silicone derivatives that have not been combined with other ingredients are not greasy. The second property of moisturizers is humectant, which attracts water from the dermis to epidermis. Examples of humectants are glycerin (glycerol), sodium lactate, ammonium lactate, hyaluronic acid, sorbitol, urea, and alpha hydroxyl acids.1,4 The other property of moisturizers is emollient, which smooths skin by filling space between skin flakes with a droplet of oil.1 Emollients include a vast array of compounds ranging from esters to long chain alcohols, such as isopropyl isostearate, caster oil, propylene glycol, octyl stearate, and dimethicone.1 One ingredient of moisturizers can have more than one property, such as dimethicone, which has both occlusive and emollient properties. Other ingredients including topical medications for acne and botanical antiinflammatory substances are sometimes added to moisturizers for acne.

Currently, many moisturizers that are available either over the counter or online claim that they are suitable for acne treatment. The current study was designed to investigate the active ingredients and properties of those moisturizers.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The authors used the key words “moisturizers” and “acne” to search for moisturizers that are available online. Only moisturizers that claimed they are suitable for acne, blemishes, and pimples were selected to identify their ingredients and properties. The same inclusion criteria were used for moisturizers that are available over the counter. Each moisturizer with its corresponding ingredients was entered into a Microsoft Excel (Seattle, Washington) spreadsheet and then evaluated for their ingredients and properties.

RESULTS

Fifty-two products were included for analysis. demonstrates the active ingredients and their properties that the authors were able to identify in the products. Some ingredients also have an oil-reducing property, which may be suitable for oily skin. Ninety-two percent (48/52) of the products have anti-inflammatory properties apart from occlusive, humectant, and emollient effects. demonstrates a list of the products and their ingredients that do not contain anti-inflammatory properties. Antiacne medications, including SA, BP, and retinol were found, respectively, in 35 percent (17/48), 10 percent (5/48), and 8 percent (4/48) of the moisturizer products containing anti-inflammatory effects ( and ). Twenty-two of 48 products (46%) contained other antiinflammatory substances without anti-acne medications (). More than one-half of all products contain dimethicone and/or glycerin for their moisturizing properties. Aloe vera and witch hazel, botanical antiinflammatories, were commonly found in the products as well.

TABLE 1

Active ingredients in moisturizers for acne

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS PROPERTIES
OCCLUSIVES HUMECTANTS EMOLLEINTS ANTI-INFLAMMATORY OIL-REDUCING
1. Almond oil
2. Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis)
3. Arachidyl alcohol
4. Beeswax
5. Benzoyl peroxide
6. Betaine
7. Bisabolol
8. Butylene glycol
9. Caprylic/capric triglyceride
10. Cetearyl alcohol
11. Cetyl alcohol
12. Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
13. Cholesterol
14. Cocoa butter
15. Coconut oil
16. Cetearyl isononanoate
17. Cucumber extract
18. Cyclomethicone
19. Cyclopentasiloxane
20. Decyl oleate
21. Dimethicone
22. Ethylhexylpalmitate
23. Fatty acids
24. Glycerin (glycerol)
25. Glyceryl stearate
26. Glycyrrhetinic acid
27. Grape seed oil
28. Green tea extract
29. Honey
30. Hyaluronic acid
31. Hypericum perforatum (St. John’s wort)
32. Jojoba oil
33. Isohexadecane
34. Isopropyl myristate
35. Lactic acid
36. Lanolin (wool alcohol)
37. Lecithin
38. Licochalcone A

TABLE 2

Moisturizers without anti-inflammatory properties

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS PRODUCTS
1 2 3 4
MOISTURIZER EFFECT
Cetyl alcohol
Glycerin (glycerol)
Isopropyl myristate
Jojoba oil
Mineral oil (Paraffinum liquidum)
Paraffin
Propylene glycol
Squalane
Stearic acid
Vitamin E

TABLE 3

Moisturizers containing salicylic acid

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS PRODUCTS
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
MOISTURIZER EFFECT
Arachidyl alcohol
Butylene glycol
Caprylic/capric triglyceride
Cetearyl alcohol
Cetyl alcohol
Cyclopentasiloxane
Dimethicone
Ethylhexylpalmitate
Glycerin (glycerol)
Glyceryl stearate
Isohexadecane
Lactic acid
Lecithin
Mineral oil (Paraffinum liquidum)
Propylene glycol
Safflower oil
Sodium pyrrolidone carboxylic acid (PCA)
Sorbital
Squalane
Stearic acid
Stearyl alcohol
Sunflower seed oil (Helianthus annuus)
Vitamin E
Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis)
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
Cucumber extract
Licochalcone A
SALICYLIC ACID
Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia)
Vitis vinifera (grape seed extract)
Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
Zinc gluconate

TABLE 4

Moisturizers containing benzoyl peroxide or retinol

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS PRODUCTS
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
MOISTURIZER EFFECT
Betaine
Butylene glycol
Caprylic/capric triglyceride
Cetearyl alcohol
Cetyl alcohol
Cholesterol
Cyclopentasiloxane
Dimethicone
Ethylhexylpalmitate
Glycerin (glycerol)
Glyceryl stearate
Grape seed oil
Honey
Hyaluronic acid
Isohexadecane
Jojoba oil
Lactic acid
Myristyl ether propionate
Olive oil
Panthenol
Propylene glycol
Sodium hyaluronate
Sodium pyrrolidone carboxylic acid (PCA)
Sorbital
Sugars
Sunflower seed oil (Helianthus annuus)
Vitamin E
Zinc oxide
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY
Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis)
BENZOYL PEROXIDE
Bisabolol
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
Green tea extract
Marigold (Calendura officinalis)
Niacinamide/nicotinamide/vitamin B3
RETINOL
Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia)
Vitis vinifera (Grape seed extract)
Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

TABLE 5

Anti-inflammatory moisturizers without anti-acne medications

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS PRODUCTS
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52
MOISTURIZER EFFECT
Almond oil
Beeswax
Butylene glycol
Caprylic/capric triglyceride
Cetearyl alcohol
Cetearyl isononanoate
Cetyl alcohol
Cocoa butter
Cyclopentasiloxane
Decyl oleate
Dimethicone
Fatty acids
Glycerin (glycerol)
Glyceryl stearate
Grape seed oil
Jojoba oil
Lactic acid
Lanolin
Lecithin
Marigold
Octyldodecanol
Olive oil
Panthenol
Propylene glycol
Saccharide isomerate
Sodium hyaluronate
Sodium pyrrolidone carboxylic acid (PCA)
Squalane
Stearic acid
Stearyl alcohol
Sugars
Vitamin E
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY
Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis)
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
Cucumber extract
Glycyrrhetinic acid
Green tea extract
Licochalcone A
Marigold (Calendula officinalis)
Niacinamide/ Nicotinamide/ Vitamin B3
Shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii)
Tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia)
Vitis vinifera (Grape seed extract)
Witch hazel (Hamamelis virglnlana)
Zinc gluconate

DISCUSSION

Topical therapies, including SA, BP, retinoids, and antibiotics are effective in managing acne, but are associated with local adverse effects, such as irritation and dryness. A concomitant use of moisturizers can enhance efficacy, alleviate dryness, and improve skin comfort. The study by Laquieze et al6 showed that using moisturizers provided a significant improvement in skin dryness and comfort to the patients who were treated with oral or topical isotretinoin. From the study described herein, the authors found that SA was the most common anti-acne medication added in the moisturizers for acne. SA has comedolytic effects by breaking down follicular plugs because of its lipophilic nature and anti-inflammatory capability by affecting arachidonic acid cascade.710

However, SA is likely to cause local skin peeling when used at concentrations of 2% or more.11 Thus, moisturizing properties in the products can relieve the irritation effect of SA. O’Goshi et al12 demonstrated an increase in skin hydration of the skin of swine after applying 10% SA in petrolatum once daily for five days. The continuous effect was also detected over two weeks after cessation of application.12

Similarly, BP and retinols are regarded as irritative agents. BP has greater activity than topical (iso) tretinoin against inflammatory lesions while retinoids work well for comedolytic effects and decrease sebum excretion.1 Although the concentration of BP used for acne is limited by local skin irritation, there were no significant differences in frequency and severity of irritation between the use of 5% and 2.5% BP.13 The study by Matsunaga et al showed that the adjunctive use of a moisturizer (Cetaphil®, Galderma Laboratories, L.P) improved local tolerance of adapalene gel.6

Dimethicone and glycerin were the most common ingredients found in the products. Dimethicone and cyclomethicone are silicone derivatives and usually used in oil-free facial moisturizers.4 The term “oil-free” implies that this substance does not contain either mineral oil or vegetable oil.4 Dimethicone reduces TEWL without a greasy feel and contains both occlusive and emollient properties. It is suitable for acne and sensitive patients as it is noncomedogenic and hypoallergenic. Cyclomethicone is a thicker silicone that has similar properties as dimethicone. The authors found that other ingredients, such as petrolatum, lanolin, and mineral oil, were occasionally added in the 52 products analyzed, as they have some drawbacks for acne-prone skin. The use of lanolin is limited by odor, expense, and the fact that it is a common cause of allergic contact dermatitis.4,14 Mineral oil is a lightweight inexpensive oil that is odorless and tasteless. One of the main concerns for its use is that it is comedogenic. However, there are different grades of mineral oil, including industrial grade and cosmetic grade. Some experts believe that cosmetic grade mineral oil is noncomedogenic.4,15

Glycerin is the most effective humectant available to increase stratum corneum hydration.16 If the concentration of glycerin is too high, it will create a sticky feeling on skin. Hyarulonic acid and sodium pyrrolidone carboxylic acid (PCA), which are humectants, may be used in addition to glycerin to decrease stickiness. It should be noted that application of a humectant alone can increase TEWL. For example, glycerin (glycerol) can increase TEWL by 29 percent.4 Thus, a humectant agent is usually combined with an occlusive ingredient when used as a moisturizer. The authors found that glycerin (humectant) and dimethicone (occlusive agent) were usually used in combination in the 52 products analyzed.

Metals and botanical extracts are sometimes added in the moisturizers for their anti-inflammatory properties. Ginkgo biloba, green tea, aloe vera, allantoin, and licochalcone are botanical anti-inflammatory agents that are commonly used in the current market.17 Aloe vera and witch hazel, which were found commonly in this study, also have skin-soothing properties.17 The anti-inflammatory effect of aloe vera results from inhibition of cyclooxygenase in the arachidonic pathway. The concentration of aloe vera should be at least 10 percent in order to have a moisturizing effect.4,17 Witch hazel is commonly used as an astringent in people with oily skin. Its high tannin content obtained by steam distillation of the plant may cause astringent action. Hamamelis ointments, known as witch hazel ointments, are used as acne cosmeceuticals.4,17

Currently, there are many metals, such as zinc, copper, selenium, aluminum, and strontium, that are used in cosmeceuticals.17 Well-established scientific data support the anti-inflammatory and wound healing benefits of zinc. Alkaline phosphatase requires multiple zinc ions, which are involved in adenosine monophosphate metabolism.4,17 This action has a role in restraining an inflammatory response.

In conclusion, the authors aim was to investigate the ingredients and properties of moisturizers claimed to be suitable for use in acne patients. Some scientific data regarding the properties and mechanisms of action were provided to aid physicians in selecting a suitable moisturizer for their acne patients.

Footnotes

DISCLOSURE:The authors report no relevant conflicts of interest.

REFERENCES

1. Williams HC, Dellavalle RP, Garner S. Acne vulgaris. Lancet. 2012;379:361–379. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]2. Lynde C. Moisturizers for the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions. J Drugs Dermatol. 2008;7:1038–1043. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]3. Gollnick H, Cunliffe W, Berson D, et al. Management of acne: a report from a global alliance to improve outcomes in acne. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;49:S1–S37. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]4. Del Rosso JQ. Moisturizers: Function, formulation and clinical applications. In: Draelos Z, Dover JS, Alam M, editors. Cosmeceuticals. 2nd ed. China: Saunders Elsevier; 2009. pp. 97–102. [Google Scholar]5. Nemes Z, Steinert PM. Bricks and mortar of the epidermal barrier. Exp Mol Med. 1999;31:5–19. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]6. Laquieze S, Czernielewski J, Rueda MJ. Beneficial effect of a moisturizing cream as adjunctive treatment to oral isotretinoin or topical tretinoin in the management of acne. J Drugs Dermatol. 2006;5:985–990. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]7. Akarsu S, Fetil E, Yucel F, et al. Efficacy of the addition of salicylic acid to clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide combination for acne vulgaris. J Dermatol. 2012;39:433–438. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]8. Cunliffe WJ, Holland DB, Clark SM, et al. Comedogenesis: some new aetiological, clinical and therapeutic strategies. Br J Dermatol. 2000;142:1084–1091. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]9. Bowe WP, Shalita AR. Effective over-the-counter acne treatments. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2008;27:170–176. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]10. Lee HS, Kim IH. Salicylic acid peels for the treatment of acne vulgaris in Asian patients. Dermatol Surg. 2003;29:1196–1199. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]11. Bikowski J, Callender VD, Del Rosso JQ, et al. Combining clindamycin 1%-benzoyl peroxide 5% gel with multiple therapeutic options. Cutis. 2006;78:13–20. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]12. O’ Goshi KI, Tabata N, Sato Y, Tagami H. Comparative study of the efficacy of various moisturizers on the skin of the ASR miniature swine. Skin Pharmacol Appl Skin Physiol. 2000;13:120–127. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]13. Mills OH, Kligman AM, Pochi P, Comite H. Comparing 2.5%, 5%, and 10% benzoyl peroxide on inflammatory acne vulgaris. Int J Dermatol. 1986;25:664–667. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]15. Draelos ZD. Acne cosmeceutical myths. In: Draelos Z, Dover JS, Alam M, editors. Cosmeceuticals. 2nd ed. China: Saunders Elsevier; 2009. pp. 179–181. [Google Scholar]16. Draelos ZD. Dry skin. In: Draelos Z, Dover JS, Alam M, editors. Cosmeceuticals. 2nd ed. China: Saunders Elsevier; 2009. pp. 173–174. [Google Scholar]17. Draelos ZD. Cosmetics and Dermatological Problems and Solutions. 3rd ed. London: Informa Healthcare; 2011. [Google Scholar]

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CGI, Guangzhou organizes promotional event for Indian Herbal/Ayurveda/Beauty Products in China

As part of its efforts to promote Indian Ayurveda and herbal products in South China, the Consulate General of India (CGI), Guangzhou organized a Webinar on “Promotion of Herbal/ Ayurveda/ Beauty Products in China”. A press release from CGI, Guangzhou said that more than 70 Indian exporters, representing Ayurvedic Medicine Manufacturers of India (AMMOI), Karnataka Soaps & Detergents Limited, Pharmaceutical Export Promotion Council (Pharmexcil), Basic Chemicals, Cosmetics & Dyes Export Promotion Council (Chemexcil), Ayurvedic Drug Manufacturers’ Association (ADMA) took part in the event. The webinar was organized by the CGI in cooperation with Ministry of Commerce and Ministry of Ayush.

Consul General Shambhu Hakki told Prasar Bharati, Beijing, there is great potential in China about products related to personal care, especially herbal products. China is the second largest market for herbal products and demand is also there but most of beauty products are imported. That’s where the Indian exporters can fit in the supply chain especially through cross border e-commerce platforms to start with as travel to China is effectively banned due to stringent border controls. This is an area where there is great opportunity for Indian exporters to fulfill the demands from the hospitality sector and tourism industry. He said, as there are not many domestic beauty brands for herbal products in China, Indian products can fill the gap and the consulate is trying to create the awareness and provide right kind of support.

Mr. Hakki addressed the participants and explained the objectives of the webinar. From China, Dr. C. K. Mohammad Shafeeque, a well-known practitioner of Ayurveda, Akhilesh Negi, General Manager, Personal Healthcare, P&G China and Zhang Haifan, expert from the Guangdong Beauty Cosmetics Association briefed the Indian exporters about regulatory aspects of selling Herbal/ Beauty/ Ayurvedic products in China. A presentation was also made on the modalities of selling the products through the Cross Border e-Commerce (CBEC) channels. During the Q&A session, experts from China answered several queries raised by the Indian exporters.

CGI, Guangzhou has been very active in promoting Indian business interests in China. In December, it facilitated a buyer seller meet for Indian Tea, organized by Tea Board of India. The event was held in a hybrid format saw a participation of more than 40 Chinese importers in-person and about 30 Indian Tea exporters through a virtual mode. In November, India’s former Ambassador to China, Vikram Misri inaugurated the India Store, which was an initiative of the Consulate General of India, Guangzhou to promote Indian products in China. In October, it organized a webinar on promoting Indian products on Chinese e-commerce platforms. More than 80 Indian exporters and the representatives of Indian Export Promotion Councils (EPCs) took part in the webinar. In September, a buyer-seller meet for Indian coffee, organized by Coffee Board of Indian was held. More than 35 importers took part from China and about 25 Indian coffee exporters attended the event virtually. Representatives of Chinese e-commerce companies also took part.

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Satvikstore.us

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